International Organizations, Constitutional Law, and Human Rights

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You can now view our 3D Gallery up on our new and revamped site. Initially called the Community Law Centre, it was founded in by renowned human rights lawyer and former government minister Dullah Omar.

1. International Law and National Frameworks

The NGO was a continuation of his work during the anti-apartheid struggle to put the human rights of ordinary citizens at the forefront of the developing new democracy in South Africa. Dullah Omar, politician pic. Lawyers for Human Rights LHR is an independent human rights organisation with over 35 years of human rights activism and public interest litigation in South Africa. The organisation uses the law as a positive instrument for change and to deepen the democratisation of South African society.

It provides free legal services to vulnerable, marginalised and indigent individuals and communities, both non- national and South African victims of unlawful infringements of their constitutional rights. LHR's client received his passport after 5 year struggle for recognition of his citizenship iBelong stateless pic. Operating since , LHR achieved a proud record and formidable reputation for fighting oppression and abuse of human rights under apartheid.

Human rights and health

The organisation later assisted in the transition to democracy, particularly through voter education and election monitoring during the elections. Today, LHR is recognised as being the vanguard of South African civil society in its ever-evolving democracy.

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While the LHR recognises that NGOs need to enter into joint ventures with state institutions in order to promote human rights objectives, the organisation remains vigilant in its role as ombudsman and advocate for human rights causes. It has developed wide-ranging and influential academic literature on a variety of human rights themes, including creating greater awareness of human rights in Africa and the improvement of the rights of women, people living with HIV, indigenous peoples, sexual minorities and other disadvantaged or marginalised persons or groups across the continent.

Nationally, the centre was one of the few internal institutions to speak out against human rights violations in South Africa during the apartheid years.

1. International constitutionalism and the state

Members of the centre participated in discussions with the liberation movements outside the borders of South Africa, organised conferences and were outspoken in efforts to promote human rights in South Africa. After , it served as technical adviser to the interim and final Constitution writing processes. Increasingly, individuals and non-state international organizations have also become subject to international regulation. The United States typically respects the laws of other nations, unless there is some statute or treaty to the contrary. A State of the United States is not a "state" under international law, since the Constitution does not vest the 50 states with the capacity to conduct their own foreign relations.

Study law abroad: Cornell Paris Institute. Category: International, Transnational, and Comparative Law. Overview International law consists of rules and principles governing the relations and dealings of nations with each other, as well as the relations between states and individuals, and relations between international organizations.

Domains of International Law International Law includes the basic, classic concepts of law in national legal systems i. The following are major substantive fields of international law: International economic law International security law International criminal law International environmental law Diplomatic law International humanitarian law , A.

ECCHR - European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights

Subjects of International Law Traditionally, individual countries were the main subjects of international law. Since World War II, remarkable progress has been made toward establishing more effective international laws and organizations to reduce opportunities for confrontation and conflict, and to enhance the pursuit of security and well-being.

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  8. This book offers a detailed record of that progress, as well as its meaning for our times and those ahead. Taking a historical, theoretical, and case-study approach, John Gibson provides the reader with a broad understanding of how international organizations evolved to serve the interests of their member states, how the constitutional charters of organizations provide a coherent statement of goals and means to goals, and how these organizations are assuming increasing authority in the international system.

    Focus on disadvantaged populations

    The work traces the progression of international constitutional and human rights law, with an emphasis on the past 45 years. In the first part, Gibson discusses the historic processes of political relations and mutual reliance; the evolution of these patterns through World War II; the subsequent history of the United Nations; the prime goals of international constitutional law; and the organizations' range of authority--from the high state to the supra-organization level.

    Part two offers a case study of the progression of international human rights law. Separate chapters trace the history of human rights in religion and philosophy and the role of the state in international law, while the concluding chapter on the United Nations Commission on Human Rights demonstrates how organizations actually function. This book will be a valuable resource for courses in international relations and international law, as well as an important addition to academic and professional libraries.